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The State of Florida defines electric bicycles (eBikes) as a bicycle (or a tricycle) equipped with fully operable pedals, a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, and an electric motor not exceeding 750 continuous watts. The state further categorizes eBikes by placing them into three (3) classes.
- Class 1: Bikes equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and it stops when the electric bicycle reaches the speed of 20 mph.
National eBike sells class-2 / class-3 pedal-assist with throttle electric bikes:
- Class 2: Bikes equipped with a motor & throttle that can power up the bike even when the rider isn’t pedaling, and it ceases to provide assistance when the electric bicycle reaches the speed of 20 mph.
- Class 3: Bikes equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and it stops when the electric bicycle reaches the speed of 28 mph.
Do you need a license, insurance, or registration to operate an eBike in Florida?
No. Electric bikes do not need to be licensed or registered. Operators of electric bikes must be at least 16 years old.
What are the rules for riding Electric Bikes (eBikes) in Florida?
Electric bikes are classified the same as bicycles and follow the same rules (see below). Electric bikes are allowed in bike lanes, bike paths, trails, and sidewalks.
Florida Statute 316.20655
- (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an electric bicycle or an operator of an electric bicycle shall be afforded all the rights and privileges, and be subject to all of the duties, of a bicycle or the operator of a bicycle, including s. 316.2065. An electric bicycle is a vehicle to the same extent as a bicycle. However, this section may not be construed to prevent a local government, through the exercise of its powers under s. 316.008, from adopting an ordinance governing the operation of electric bicycles on streets, highways, sidewalks, and sidewalk areas under the local government’s jurisdiction; to prevent a municipality, county, or agency of the state having jurisdiction over a bicycle path, multiuse path, or trail network from restricting or prohibiting the operation of an electric bicycle on a bicycle path, multiuse path, or trail network; or to prevent a municipality, county, or agency of the state having jurisdiction over a beach as defined in s. 161.54(3) or a dune as defined in s. 161.54(4) from restricting or prohibiting the operation of an electric bicycle on such beach or dune.
- (2) An electric bicycle or an operator of an electric bicycle is not subject to the provisions of law relating to financial responsibility, driver or motor vehicle licenses, vehicle registration, title certificates, off-highway motorcycles, or off-highway vehicles.
- (3) Beginning January 1, 2021, manufacturers and distributors of electric bicycles shall apply a label that is permanently affixed in a prominent location to each electric bicycle. The label must contain the classification number, top assisted speed, and motor wattage of the electric bicycle.
- (4) A person may not tamper with or modify an electric bicycle so as to change the motor-powered speed capability or engagement of an electric bicycle, unless the label indicating the classification number required in subsection (3) is replaced after such modification.
- (5) An electric bicycle must comply with the equipment and manufacturing requirements for bicycles adopted by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission under 16 C.F.R. part 1512.
- (6) An electric bicycle must operate in a manner so that the electric motor is disengaged or ceases to function when the rider stops pedaling or when the brakes are applied.
- (7) An operator may ride an electric bicycle where bicycles are allowed, including, but not limited to, streets, highways, roadways, shoulders, bicycle lanes, and bicycle or multiuse paths.
- History.—s. 8, ch. 2020-69; s. 2, ch. 2021-20.